A mixture of agriculture and heavy industry in Connecticut has routinely provided employment opportunities for immigrants throughout the state’s history. Waves of primarily northern European immigrants arrived on Connecticut shores during much of the 19th century. A shift in economic circumstances in Europe brought large populations of southern and eastern European immigrants well into the 20th century. Among the opportunities Connecticut offered to newly arrived immigrants was the chance to work on farms, in brass and textile mills, in iron foundries, and in firearms factories. Today, new populations arriving from all over the world, especially Latin America, have helped expand Connecticut’s cultural diversity and given rise to vibrant ethnic communities throughout the state.

Articles to READ

Early 19th-Century Immigration in Connecticut
Late 19th-Century Immigration in Connecticut
Early 20th-Century Immigration in Connecticut

Tobacco Valley: Puerto Rican Farm Workers in Connecticut by Ruth Glasser, Fall 2002, Volume 1, Number 1
“They Came Here as Fishermen…” by Fred Calabretta FALL 2013, Volume 11, Number 4
Immigrants All… by Walter Woodward, Fall 2013, Volume 11, Number 4
Southern Blacks Transform Connecticut by Stacey Close, Fall 2013, Volume 11, Number 4

This TeachITCT.org activity is sponsored in part by the Library of Congress Teaching with Primary Sources Eastern Region Program, coordinated by Waynesburg University.