New London’s Role in American Independence

by Laura Krenicki
William J. Johnston Middle School, Colchester

TEACHER'S SNAPSHOT

Historical Background

This activity is based on a painting of Abigail Hinman on display at the Lyman Allyn Art Museum in New London, Connecticut. The story of the painting is that Abigail was home in New London while her husband, a sea captain, was away on a voyage. Suddenly, outside of her home, Abigail heard a commotion and witnessed the city of New London being destroyed by red-coated soldiers. Surprisingly, she saw Benedict Arnold, a family friend from the nearby town of Norwich, was one of the soldiers. He commanded the soldiers to spare her property, but Abigail was not blind to his blatant act of treason.

D1: Potential Compelling Question

What was Connecticut’s role in the American Revolution?

D1: POTENTIAL SUPPORTING QUESTIONS

  • How do museums in Connecticut and elsewhere in New England help us understand the American Revolution?
  • How do museums represent American identity?
  • Are museums trustworthy places to learn about U.S. history?

D2: TOOL KIT


D3: INQUIRY ACTIVITY

Have students do a close reading of the image of Abigail. What do students notice about her style of dress, her posture/expression, the background, etc.? What clues are there as to the time period of the image? Where is it? What is going on?

D4: COMMUNICATING CONCLUSIONS

There is little written about Abigail Hinman, although there is more information about her husband, Elisha (who wasn’t there for this event), and Benedict Arnold (seen in the background of the painting.) Have students research the burning of New London and present their findings:

  • as a reenactment — students write a play that retells the story of New London.
  • through a living timeline — students each take a point in the history of the American Revolution and relate what happened in Connecticut on that date.
  • by recreating the scene — students may create a visual representation of the event through a drawing, painting, photograph, video, or even a tableau. A student “voice” should then explain what the image represents to the rest of the class or audience.
  • through a letter — students should write a letter to the editor of the Connecticut Courant (now called the Hartford Courant) explaining what was taking place in New London and what should be done about it.

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

Place to GO
Things To DO

Read the letter “To Thomas Jefferson from Elisha Hinman, 16 November 1801,” Founders Online, National Archives

Read more about Abigail’s husband, Captain Elisha Hinman on Fold3.com by Ancestry

Websites to VISIT

ConnecticutHistory.org: People – Benedict Arnold

Articles to READ