Grade 5 – New London’s Role in American Independence

by Laura Krenicki
William J. Johnston Middle School, Colchester


TEACHER'S SNAPSHOT
Topic
Arts, Revolutionary War
Theme
The Role of Connecticut in U.S. History
Town
New London, Statewide
Related Search Terms
Abigail Dolbeare Hinman, Daniel Huntington, Benedict Arnold, New London, American Revolution, Revolutionary War
Social Studies Frameworks
Grade 5 – Early United States History
D1: POTENTIAL COMPELLING QUESTION

What was Connecticut’s role in the American Revolution?

D1: POTENTIAL SUPPORTING QUESTIONS
  • How do museums in Connecticut and elsewhere in New England help us understand the American Revolution?
  • How do museums represent American identity?
  • Are museums trustworthy places to learn about U.S. history?
D2: TOOL KIT

Things you will need to teach this lesson.

Daniel Huntington, Abigail Dolbeare Hinman, 1854-1856 - Lyman Allyn Art Museum, New London, Connecticut
Daniel Huntington, Abigail Dolbeare Hinman, 1854-1856 – Lyman Allyn Art Museum, New London, Connecticut

This painting of Abigail Hinman is on display at the Lyman Allyn Art Museum in New London, Connecticut. The story of the painting is that Abigail was home in New London while her husband, a sea captain, was away on a voyage. Suddenly, outside of her home, Abigail heard a commotion and witnessed the city of New London being destroyed by red-coated soldiers. Surprisingly, she saw Benedict Arnold, a family friend from the nearby town of Norwich, was one of the soldiers. He commanded the soldiers to spare her property, but Abigail was not blind to his blatant act of treason.

(Daniel Huntington (1816-1906) this link shows other paintings by the same artist). Ask students why the image of Abigail is so different from the other subjects in the the paintings.

D3: INQUIRY ACTIVITY

Have students do a close reading of the image of Abigail. What do students notice about her style of dress, her posture/expression, the background, etc.? What clues are there as to the time period of the image? Where is it? What is going on?

D4: COMMUNICATING CONCLUSIONS

There is little written about Abigail Hinman, although there is more information about her husband, Elisha (who wasn’t there for this event), and Benedict Arnold (seen in the background of the painting). Have students research the burning of New London and present their findings:

  • as a reenactment — students write a play that retells the story of New London.
  • through a living timeline — students each take a point in the history of the American Revolution and relate what happened in Connecticut on that date.
  • by recreating the scene — students may create a visual representation of the event through a drawing, painting, photograph, video, or even a tableau. A student “voice” should then explain what the image represents to the rest of the class or audience.
  • through a letter — students should write a letter to the editor of the Connecticut Courant (now called the Hartford Courant) explaining what was taking place in New London and what should be done about it.
ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
Things to DO
Websites to VISIT